Default.asp?T_MRI_DOC_LISTPage=4&LSub=35
 mri_brain_scan
 Default.asp
 GenPg.asp?pgname=Disclaimer
 TheList_search.asp
 SafetyInfog.asp
 GenPg.asp?pgname=ScreeningForm
 GenPg.asp?pgname=ProductTesting
 GenPg.asp?pgname=OrderingBooks
 GenPg.asp?pgname=Lectures
 GenPg.asp?pgname=AboutDrShellock
 PriorityEmail.asp
 
 mri_brain_scan
 

                                            Safety Information Article
                      Information on this page is limited by the terms of our Disclaimer.  Please Read!

      Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices (IUDs) and Other Contraceptive Devices 

Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUD) may be made from nonmetallic materials (e.g., plastic) or a combination of nonmetallic and metallic materials. Copper is typically the metal used in an IUD, however, stainless steel or other metals may also be utilized. The “Copper T” and “Copper 7” both have a fine copper coil wound around a portion of the IUD. Testing conducted to determine MRI issues for the copper IUDs indicated that these objects are safe for patients in the MR environment using MR systems operating at 1.5-Tesla or less. This includes the Multiload Cu375, the Nova T (containing copper and silver), and the Gyne T IUDs. An artifact may be seen for the metallic component of the IUD, however, the extent of this artifact is relatively small because of the low magnetic susceptibility of copper.

Zieman and Kanal (2007) reported 3-Tesla MRI in vitro test results for the Copper T 380A IUD. No significant deflection, torque, heating or artifact was found. Thus, this IUD is acceptable for patients undergoing MRI at 3-Tesla or less.

Importantly, stainless steel IUDs exist and, to date, these devices have not undergone testing to determine if they are acceptable for patients in association with MR procedures.

The Mirena intrauterine system (IUS) is a hormone-releasing device that contains levonorgestrel to prevent pregnancy. This T-shaped device is made entirely from nonmetallic materials that include polyethylene, barium sulfate (i.e. which makes it radiopaque), and silicone. Therefore, the Mirena is safe for patients undergoing MR procedures using MR systems operating at all static magnetic field strengths.

The Implanon implant (Etonogestrel) is a single-rod, nonmetallic, subdermal device that offers women up to three years of contraceptive protection. This implant is acceptable for patients undergoing MR procedures at all static magnetic field strengths (i.e., it is MR Safe).

REFERENCES

Berger-Kulemann V, et al. Magnetic field interactions of copper-containing intrauterine devices in 3.0-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging: In vivo study. Korean J Radiol 2013;14:416-22.

Correia L, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging and gynecological devices. Contraception 2012;85:538-43.

Hess T, Stepanow B, Knopp MV. Safety of intrauterine contraceptive devices during MR imaging. Eur Radiol 1996;6:66-68.

Kido A, et al. Intrauterine devices and uterine peristalsis: Evaluation with MRI. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 2008;26:54-8.

Mark AS, Hricak H. Intrauterine contraceptive devices: MR imaging. Radiology 1987;162:311-314.

Mirena (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (IUS), Product Insert information, Berlex Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.

Shellock FG. Magnetic Resonance Procedures: Health Effects and Safety. CRC Press, LLC, Boca Raton, FL, 2001.

Westerway SC, Picker R, Christie J. Implanon implant detection with ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. Aust NZ Obstet Gynaecol 2003;43:346-350.

Zhuang LQ, Yang BY. Comparison of clinical effects of stainless steel IUDs with and without copper. Shengzhi Yu Biun 1984;4:48-50.

Zieman M, Kanal E. Copper T 380A IUD and magnetic resonance imaging. Contraception 2007;75:93-5.

www.implanon.com

www.mirena-us.com



_____________________________________________________________________________________
  (c) 2017 by Shellock R & D Services, Inc. and Frank G. Shellock, Ph.D. All Rights Reserved. All copyrights and pertinent trademarks are owned by Shellock R & D Services, Inc. and Frank G. Shellock, Ph.D. No part of the MRISAFETY.COM web site may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, physical, electronic or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Shellock R & D Services, Inc. or Frank G. Shellock, Ph. D. Request for permission to reproduce any information contained on the MRISAFETY.COM web site should be addressed to: frank.shellock@gte.net
Be sure to read our Disclaimer.